Can I continue to contribute to social security if I work abroad?

Date:

Discover the list of countries that have a bilateral agreement with Spain that allows you to add these temporary jobs during the period worked to access the pension

One of the essential requirements to access the regular pension is that you have contributed to Social Security for at least 15 years, either with a job, self-employment or even when receiving SEPE benefits. Although in 2023 you will have to wait until you are 66 years and 4 months if you are under 37 years and 9 months in contributions to receive the pension. To retire at age 65, you must have a contribution period of 38 years or more. And in this total calculation you can also include whether you will be working abroad.

Spain has a bilateral agreement with a number of countries whereby the time you work for yourself or for someone else continues to count as contribution period. In general, posted workers are subject to the social security legislation of the country in whose territory they carry out their work activity. However, if it is a temporary transfer, they can enforce Spanish social security legislation. Employees who have a contract with a Spanish company and are seconded to temporarily perform their work abroad can make use of this right. An agreement that self-employed persons can also use.

The employees or the company can request the issuance of the corresponding secondment certificate from the Provincial Directorate of the General Treasury of Social Security or its administrations.

-Andorra. The maximum duration of the secondment is 2 years for employees and 1 year for the self-employed.

– Argentina. The maximum term is 2 years for the self-employed and the self-employed.

– Australia. Both have a maximum term of 5 years.

– Brazil. The maximum term is 3 years for salaried employees and 2 years for the self-employed or self-employed.

– Canada (except Quebec). For self-employed persons, the maximum term is 5 years. In the case of self-employed persons, they must submit the application through the General Subdirectory of Connection, Contribution and Management of the RED system of the General Treasury of Social Security.

– Chili. Both have a maximum term of 3 years.

– China. The maximum duration is 6 years for both.

– Colombia. Both have a maximum term of 3 years.

– Korea. Both have a maximum term of 5 years.

-Ecuador. Both have a maximum term of 3 years.

– USA. The maximum term is 5 years. The self-employed must process the application via the General Subdirectory for Connection, Contribution and Management of the RED system of the General Treasury of Social Security.

– Philippines. The maximum term is 5 years for employees and 2 years for the self-employed.

– Japan. Both have a maximum term of 5 years.

– Morocco. The maximum term is 3 years. The self-employed must process the application via the General Subdirectory for Connection, Contribution and Management of the RED system of the General Treasury of Social Security.

-Mexico. The maximum term is 2 years.

– Paraguayan. The maximum term is 2 years.

Peru. The maximum term is 3 years.

– Dominican Republic. The maximum term is 3 years.

– Russia. The maximum term is 5 years. The self-employed must process the application via the General Subdirectory for Connection, Contribution and Management of the RED system of the General Treasury of Social Security.

– Senegal. The maximum term is 5 years.

– Tunisia. The maximum term is 2 years. The self-employed must process the application via the General Subdirectory for Connection, Contribution and Management of the RED system of the General Treasury of Social Security.

– Ukraine. The maximum term is 2 years.

-Uruguay. The maximum term is 2 years. There is no possibility for freelancers.

– Venezuela. The maximum term is 2 years. The option for the self-employed is also not being considered.

Source: La Verdad

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