Fighters, Missiles, Submarines and Ships: What It Spends on the 10,000 Million Defenses It Now Wants to Double


NATO has long called for increased defense spending. The Atlantic Alliance wants all its members to allocate at least 2% of GDP to this point. The Ukraine war encouraged several countries to increase the state money they spend on their armed forces. Spain has already increased this item in its budget, but the pursuit of this goal “can not be delayed,” said Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, who has shown his commitment that the ministry’s budget will gradually increase. The following years before this goal.

That this intention will become a reality does not depend on Sanchez alone: ​​the accounts of the coming years, like all others, will need the support of Parliament, and the PSOE does not have the support of its ordinary partners in this struggle. At the moment, Spain allocates about 1% of GDP for defense. This year, € 9,790.8 million in the budget is divided into seven programs. Three of them are designed for weapons and materials and make up almost half of the investment: € 4,243.96 million, up 11.6% from 2021. Minister Margarita Robles defended the increase in spending in her department, arguing that “investing in defense is investing in peace. The rest is aimed at paying the salaries of civil servants and the military, training them, maintaining their qualifications or various supplies. What exactly is this money going for?

The largest resource monopoly of these seven programs is the Special Modernization Programs (PEM), which accounts for 29.1% of the amount. Is 2.848 million euros, 21.6% more than in 2021, intends to pay commitments to companies for large arms production programs. The PEM, the defense document states, “aims to supply the Armed Forces with operational materials or weapons systems that incorporate advanced technologies and require a lengthy process to obtain them,” which can take decades.

The Eurofighter fighter jet project has a budget of € 594 million this year. This is the biggest game of PEM, but there are seven others that get over 100 million. 379 million from the budget for A400 military transport aircraft. The plane was recently used to transport humanitarian aid to Ukraine and after taking Kabul for evacuation from Afghanistan in the summer. Another 340 million will be transferred to S-80 class submarines. This is one of the most important projects of the Spanish Navy and industry, implemented by Navantia and which is years behind schedule. The first delivery was scheduled for 2012, but now the goal is to have it ready for the first quarter of 2023, and the other three that are part of the program for 2024, 2026 and 2028. Meanwhile, the Navy had to extend the useful life of the two submarines in operation.

This 2022 also continues the journey for the development of the next phase of the next generation weapons system (FCAS) fighter aircraft. This is a project in which Spain is participating, together with France and Germany, in a total amount of 2,500 million, of which 274 million is budgeted for this year, it is expected to be 250 million this year. The budget for the CH47 Chinook helicopters is $ 131.3 million, while the budget for the F-110 frigates is $ 131.4 million.

This exercise will be the first payment to be made to the Council of Ministers in June 2021 for the Multifunctional Fuel Aircraft Project (MRTT). The estimated total amount is 810 million, of which 122 is the budget. These aircraft, the agreement says, will enable the Air Force to “upgrade and enhance its capabilities for mobility and strategic design of the Armed Forces in the field of refueling and strategic air transport.” And large-capacity, long-distance air medical evacuations. “

Other elements included in the PEM are designed for F-100 frigates (81.6 million), attack helicopters (68.7 million), BAM naval warships (54 million) and naval rescue (58) and combat vehicles (30 million).

PEM is not the only program focused on weapons. “Modernization of the Armed Forces” will receive a total of 398.3 million euros in 2022, 18.7% more than in 2021. This is 4.1% of the Ministry’s budget and will be used for the purchase and adaptation of materials and facilities, in addition to the payment of already acquired liabilities. Thus, the Central Defense Authority has a total budget of 270.4 million Euros for infrastructure (80.9 million), for aircraft (75.3), for CIS communication and information systems (55.1), for missiles and torpedoes (12.1 million). And ships (2.4 million). Other items. This concept includes joint investments with NATO worth 38.6 million euros.

The Army has allocated GEL 5.1 million for these concepts, including logistical support (1.7 million) and CIS systems (1.2). The Navy receives 39.3 million, which is mainly allocated to aircraft (6.4), missiles and torpedoes (5.4), infrastructure (5.1), ammunition and explosives (4.4), and ground vehicles (4, one). The Air Force has donated € 12 million to this chapter. In addition, the Institute for Housing, Infrastructure and Defense Equipment (INVIED) has a budget of € 71.4 million this year for infrastructure, weapons and armed forces.

In addition to the PEM program and the Armed Forces Modernization Program, the military apparatus itself has another element about weapons and materials. This is logistical support, with a fund of 998 million. It represents 10.2% of the budget and this year it has decreased by 11.4% compared to 2021. This includes the necessary credits for the training and preparation of all force support units, “the necessary expenses for the proper maintenance of the equipment. Includes commissioning before decommissioning ”and maintenance of weapons and equipment. In other words, aircraft, ships, weapons systems, control and control systems, electronic warfare systems, intelligence systems, cyber defense capabilities, CIS security systems, simulators, vehicles, armored vehicles and mechanized vehicles, artillery, light weapons and ammunition Substances, rockets and torpedoes, materials for engineers, material and logistical support equipment.

The second most important program, in terms of budget, is the operating costs of the Armed Forces. According to the defense report, this includes “all running costs associated with deploying, training and intervening units in the force, as well as the cost of their quarters, food, and regulatory equipment.” In addition, it contains expandable loans corresponding to the costs of overseas operations. In total, they are € 2,254.9 million, down 16.4% from 2021, but up 23% this year overall.

Two sections can be clearly distinguished in this section. On the one hand, the amount allocated for staff costs, which amounts to 1,714 million euros – 1,434.5 for civil servants, 34.4 for labor and 191 social security contributions. This year, the Department of Defense limited the maximum number of professional troops and sailors to 79,000. On the other hand, there is a point for current expenditures on goods and services such as leasing, repairs and maintenance or supply in excess of Rs 330 crore by 2022. The Army is the one who gets the most out of this second point. Its budget is almost 81 million euros. The Air Force has nearly 64 million, of which 55 correspond to supplies and other supplies. And the Navy will have 15 for this concept.

The remaining 210 million, which is related to the costs of “participation of the armed forces in peacekeeping operations”, are included in these operating costs. Spain currently has soldiers in 17 missions abroad. The largest contingent is in Lebanon, with about 600 peacekeepers, and in Mali, with almost half a thousand soldiers. In addition, within NATO, it is responsible for monitoring tasks in the Mediterranean and is present in the Baltic States and Turkey. They are also deployed to EU missions in the Central African Republic, Somalia and Senegal; And Operation Atlanta, against piracy in the Indian Ocean. The EMAD forecasts that by 2022, no more than 2,900 troops will be deployed overseas at a time.

The budget includes three other programs managed by the General Defense Administration. The most significant is the € 2.239 million allocated to the administration and general defense services, 22.3% of the total, representing a 44.4% increase. Almost twice as many as in the previous year, which is aimed at “performing the functions and activities assigned to the superior bodies and management centers of the Ministry.” In particular, the Central Defense Authority, which consists of the Ministry-affiliated agencies, the Defense Staff (EMAD), the Secretary of State and the Deputy Secretary of State and Secretary-General for Defense Policy (SEGENPOL), and the generals of the Army Barracks. Navy and Air Force.

1 663 million from this program. Managed by the Ministry and the Secretariat, of which 1,614 are intended for staff costs. More than a million of these go to management positions, another million to temporary staff. Most of the ministry’s officials receive a total of € 1,310 million and a workforce of € 63 million. In addition, 180 180 million is more in the budget to encourage work and another მილი 58 million in quotas, benefits and social spending. The rest is used for other expenses such as rent, delivery, protocol costs, research and maintenance or transfers to companies, foundations or public institutions.

The EMAD headquarters at this point cost $ 24 million. Secretary of State, 375; Army, 123 million; Navy, 39; And the Air Force 14 million. In all cases the same terms of lease, costs of protocol and representation services, institutional acts, surveys and transfers to organizations, associations, institutions or development entities apply.

In the formation, the Ministry of Defense allocated a budget of 452.7 million euros this year, which is 4.6% of the total amount. This item will increase by 3% compared to 2021 and is intended for training activities of the Armed Forces and military centers, where various training zones, officers, non-commissioned officers, additional soldiers and troops and sailors, as well as volunteer reservists and higher military education, additional national defense, About disconnection and higher education. A total of € 13 million is spent on defense university centers located in San Javier, Zaragoza, Marin and Madrid, € 9 million on autonomous communities and € 940,000 on scholarships and institutions. Once again, this point is one of the most significant costs for staff, amounting to almost € 382 million.

Finally, the budget includes another article for the remuneration of reserve officers and non-commissioned officers and the second reserve general officers. It is estimated that in 2022 there will be 13 766 and 101 respectively, for which 572 million euros are allocated.

Source: El Diario


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