ChatGPT named best researchers of the year


Every year the scientific magazine “Nature” presents a top 10 of leading researchers of the year. This time, for the first time, someone who is not human is found there: the AI-supported chatbot ChatGPT. “ChatGPT has dominated the news this year, and its influence is being felt across science – and society,” said Editor-in-Chief Richard Monastersky.

Because there are 10 people next to it, it’s actually a top 11 this year. The decision to include ChatGPT was made “to recognize the profound way in which generative artificial intelligence is changing the development and progress of science,” Monastersky said.

An article in Nature states about ChatGPT: “He co-authors scientific papers – sometimes in secret. He created concepts for presentations, grant applications and courses, created computer codes and acted as a sounding board for research ideas.”

At the same time, however, ChatGPT also fabricated references and facts and spread hate speech. “But above all, it sparked people’s imaginations.” It was also said that it was still unclear what possibilities would arise from ChatGPT-like systems in the future. “But the generative AI revolution has begun. And there is no way back.”

Other important milestones
Among the experts shaping science in 2023 is the specialist journal Kalpana Kalahasti, deputy project manager of the Indian Space Agency’s ‘Chandrayaan-3’ mission. The probe marked India’s first successful landing on the moon in August. Physicist Annie Kritcher, senior designer at the US National Ignition Facility, was also taken into account. At the beginning of December 2022, it was possible for the first time to extract more energy from nuclear fusion than was put in directly with a laser.

The team of developmental biologist Katsuhiko Hayashi from Japan’s Osaka University has succeeded for the first time in producing mouse pups from the cells of two male mice. In the mice with two biological fathers, skin cells from male animals were converted into eggs that were fertilized with sperm from other males.

As a pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence, Ilya Sutskever, chief scientist at OpenAI, was included in the ‘Nature’ list. He played a central role in the development of ChatGPT and the language models on which the chatbot is based.

For the first time, two women who do not conduct their own research are in the top 10
The list also includes doctor Halidou Tinto, who led clinical trials in Burkina Faso for the approval of a malaria vaccine, London cancer researcher Thomas Powles, whose team made progress in treating certain types of cancer, and biochemist Svetlana Mojsov, who played a crucial role in the discovery of the hormone GLP-1, which is the basis of new anti-obesity drugs.

Nature also took into account a researcher who helped spot flaws in a seemingly surprising result: University of Florida physicist James Hamlin, who pointed out inconsistencies in a study of room-temperature superconductivity presented in early 2023. The investigation has now been withdrawn.

The top 10 also includes two women who do not conduct research themselves: Brazilian Environment Minister Marina Silva, for measures against deforestation in the Amazon region, and Eleni Myrivili, who at the United Nations supports countries in preparing for the destructive consequences of the climate. change.

Source: Krone


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