Ukraine has held strong in 2023, but faces an uncertain 2024


Russia is attacking with force and the Ukrainian military counter-offensive has not had the desired results. Moreover, Ukraine remains dependent on financial and military aid from abroad, which could falter.

Ukraine is taking stock second year of the war defend against Russian aggression and looks determinedly at a uncertain future After the The military counter-offensive did not have the desired result and in the middle of doubts about the continuity of American and European support.

The summer counteroffensive made only limited progress in the territory captured by Russia, while Ukraine waited for urgently needed weapons from its foreign partners.

Given these circumstances, 2023 can be considered a success, according to official sources. “Of course, we didn’t have all the weapons we needed. But what we did allow was to carry out military operations with confidence,” said the commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian army, Valeri Zaluzhni.

About to start the year 2024 Ukraine has managed to regain half of the territory initially conquered by Russia while about 18% of the country, including Crimea and parts of Luhansk and Donetsk, occupied in 2014-2015, remains occupied.

Russia has succeeded fixation Bakmuta city of 70,000 inhabitants, and other small ones eastern areas. However, their the losses have been enormouscounted by Western intelligence services in many tens of thousands or, according to estimates by the Ukrainian army, more than 250,000.

Ukraine has also achieved that expel the Russian fleet in the Black Sea of its ports and coastal cities, an extraordinary achievement for a country that has virtually no navy, Melnik said.

That fact, by allowing the export of more than 10 million tons of goods, has helped support the country’s economy, which, although is dependent on financial support from abroad In 2023, the economy will have grown by about 5%, partly thanks to sound economic policy.

Uncertainty in 2024

However, the outcome of the war is far from clear. Ukraine remains dependent on financial and military aid from abroadr, despite efforts to strengthen domestic production, and much depends on the ability of the United States and the EU to ultimately agree to extend and increase their support until 2024.

Russia has stepped up its attackswith the largest number of troops, waiting for election results that favor the Kremlin in the United States and other partner countries of Ukraine abroad.

Meanwhile, Ukraine is trying to rationalize its mobilization policy, as it may need call between 400,000 and 500,000 civilians to arm themselves by 2024, said President Volodymyr Zelensky. Possible mobilization problems and a decline in foreign military aid could test Ukrainians’ resolve in the face of a long war.

Source: EITB


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