Labor mobility is not getting off the ground in Spain

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30% of the unemployed have never changed their place of residence to look for another job and only 2.4% of workers have moved in the past year

Spaniards don’t like to change their place of residence, even for work reasons. Even if they don’t have a job. In fact, barely 4% of the unemployed, just over 127,000 of the more than 3.1 million unemployed registered in the first quarter of 2022, changed their municipality of residence last year, while more than 2.5 million, almost 80% of the total, have not moved for at least five years, according to the Labor and Geographic Mobility Statistics released Friday by the INE with data from the first quarter of 2022.

However, it should be noted that this is a higher percentage than last year when only 3.5% of the unemployed moved home in search of a job, cutting sharply the upward trend observed in recent years. The pandemic was behind this rift, but now, once any kind of restriction has been eliminated, it has not returned to pre-health crisis levels: caps of 4.7% had been reached by 2020.

In addition, almost three in ten unemployed people have not changed their place of residence since birth. In particular, more than 900,000 unemployed, 28.9% of the total.

But the percentage of workers who moved to another municipality in the past year is even lower: only 2.4% (less than half a million of the more than 20 million affiliates), and even most within the same province. Labor mobility among workers has also increased, but minimally, only three tenths, and remains the lowest in recent years, with the exception of 2021 due to the impact of covid.

On the contrary, more than 16.7 million workers (83.5%) have lived in the same municipality for at least five years. In fact, nearly three in ten have never changed their place of residence since birth. Those who have taken the step of moving to another place, the vast majority choose it close to their origin. For example, 40.8% changed municipalities within the same province, 4.1% came from another province but from the same autonomous community, 13.5% from another community and 11.9% from another country.

Logically, mobility is greater among young people and 231,300 employees under the age of 35 (4.8% of the total) have moved from another municipality in the past year, while barely 0.9% of the over-35s have moved.55 years.

Stability in employment is key, as those on temporary contracts are more likely to change: 3.4% moved in the past year compared to 2.2% of those on permanent contracts. Similarly, mobility is related to seniority: those who have been in their company for more than six years have barely moved (1.3%), while it quadruples (5.2%) among those who have been in their company for less than a year. at your current job.

Similarly, mobility apparently increased among foreign workers: 5.9% changed residence in the last 12 months, compared to 1.9% of Spaniards. And the same happens with the unemployed immigrants: 9.8% have moved to another municipality in the past year, while only 2.5% of the Spanish unemployed.

Source: La Verdad

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