Meloni extends his lead in the polls a month before the Italian elections


The right-wing bloc has nearly 50% voting intent and if it stays that way it could promote constitutional reform

The Italian right-wing bloc continues to widen its lead in the polls ahead of the September 25 general election. The coalition formed by the Brothers of Italy, led by Giorgia Meloni; The League, by Matteo Salvini; and Forza Italia, of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, has nearly 50% voting intentions and leads the fragmented left-wing bloc by 20 points.

The latest research from the Tecne Institute, quoted by the ‘Bloomberg’ media, gives 49.8% of the vote to the bloc led by Meloni compared to 30% of the left-wing coalition led by the Social Democratic Democratic Party also former Prime Minister Minister Enrico Letta. The Five Star Movement (M5E), the party with the most votes in 2018, for its part, would barely get more than 10% of the vote. This confirms the trend already reflected in previous studies.

A resounding victory for Meloni’s bloc could spark a wave of support in parliament and the possibility of the alliance gaining a two-thirds majority, after which the right as leader of the Brothers of Italy could promote constitutional reform.

Meloni has argued that this reform would aim to strengthen a “fragile and unstable” political system, he explained to British weekly ‘The Spectator’, which is characterized by constant changes of government (there are 67 executives in 76 years, and only Berlusconi has endured more than two years as prime minister so far this century). Meloni has hinted at the possibility of increasing the Prime Minister’s powers or facilitating the direct election of the President of the Republic.

Italian democracy rests on the pillar of a perfect bicameral system, a shield born to prevent the rise of fascism. The Senate and the Congress of Deputies have equal weight in drafting laws, removing power from the executive.

Another guarantee enshrined in the Italian Constitution, which dates back to 1948, is the electoral law. The system, known as Rosatellum, establishes that two-thirds of the deputies are elected proportionally, while the remaining third are distributed according to majority vote in single-member constituencies, in the English style. That is, whoever wins with one vote takes the seat. This system rewards coalitions, as it is easier to get one vote more than the rival if the parties appear in coalition, as the right-wing formations will do in September.

One of the elements that will mark the campaign – it is already doing so – will be the position of the various parties vis-à-vis Russia. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has changed the Italian political map. Mario Draghi, who stepped down in July, was one of the European leaders most supportive of Ukraine. His fall was linked to tensions with the M5E, a government partner, and his stance against sending weapons to Kiev.

On the right, La Liga is under investigation for allegedly receiving funding from the Kremlin for the 2019 European elections; Salvini is a self-proclaimed admirer of Putin; and Berlusconi is a personal friend of the Russian leader. A few days ago, the newspaper ‘La Stampa’ published a conversation between an official of the Russian embassy in Rome and a high-ranking member of La Liga, in which he asked, a month before Draghi’s fall, whether his party should be the former president of the European Central Bank.

In this regard, the Italian press and several political leaders have expressed concern about possible Kremlin interference. Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev yesterday urged “Europeans” in polls to “punish” their “stupid governments”.

Source: La Verdad


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