Every year, billions of animals migrate over land, water and air in search of food and mating partners. However, according to a current UN report, the population of approximately 44 percent of these species is declining worldwide.
Animals that often travel thousands of miles around the world, crossing national borders and continents, include salmon, sea turtles, storks and terns, wildebeest and elephants.
Species are increasingly coming under pressure
According to a report by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), headquartered in the Kenyan capital Nairobi, many of these species are under increasing pressure. 22 percent are even threatened with extinction; the situation is said to be particularly critical for marine life.
“Given the precarious situation of many of these animals, we cannot afford to delay and must work together to turn the recommendations into reality,” said UNEP Executive Director Inger Andersen, calling on the world community to act now come.
The migratory species play a vital role in maintaining the world’s ecosystems by pollinating plants, transporting essential nutrients, controlling pests and also helping to store carbon, the UN report said.
A fifth of species are threatened with extinction
Many of these species are endangered due to pollution, illegal hunting and habitat loss. According to UNEP data, about 44 percent of migratory species are in decline, and more than a fifth of the 1,200 species monitored are even threatened with extinction.
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