As reported, two cases of diphtheria have been detected in Austria in recent days. In both cases, it concerns two young men living in Lower Austria. One of the two infected people has died, the other is “getting better”, according to the Ministry of Health. As the “Krone” taught, the different disease courses, according to authorities, could also have something to do with vaccination status.
Since 2014, only a few individual cases of diphtheria have been diagnosed in Austria. Within days, two cases were announced. Two Lower Austrians, both in their mid-thirties, fell ill. This was also confirmed at the request of the “Krone” in the office of the Lower Austrian Minister of Health Ulrike Königsberger-Ludwig.
Vaccination is offered
It is also confirmed that the man who died of the infectious disease was not vaccinated against the disease. “The other man has been vaccinated and currently has only mild symptoms,” the authorities of Lower Austria said. It is not yet known whether the two cases are related. The contact persons of both cases have now been officially isolated. You will now be offered a diphtheria vaccination.
Basic vaccination in children is usually carried out as part of the sixfold vaccination with combination vaccines against diphtheria-tetanus-polio-pertussis-hepatitis B-haemophilus B. Three vaccinations in the third, fifth and eleventh to twelfth months of life are recommended. Combination vaccines with components against diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and possibly polio are recommended for individuals over six years of age. The first booster vaccination is recommended in the seventh to ninth year of life, then every ten years or every five years from the age of 60.
Treatment with antibiotics
Diphtheria is caused by poisons (toxins) of bacteria – Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The bacteria are transmitted by droplets and close contact. The incubation period of the disease is usually two to five days. The clinical picture can vary from a local infection (nose, throat, laryngeal diphtheria) to an infection of the respiratory tract to a severe toxic form (heart muscle, kidney, liver damage). Sufficiently vaccinated people can carry and transmit C. diphtheriae in the nasopharynx without becoming ill themselves. The disease is being treated with antibiotics and antitoxins, the Ministry of Health said.