Definitively approved the law of democratic memory

Date:

The state’s commitment to the search for missing persons from the civil war and the Franco dictatorship and the study of possible human rights violations between 1978 and the end of 1983 are some of the keys to the new law, which repeals the Historical Memory law, approved in 2007.

Euskaraz irakurri: Memoria Demokratikoaren Legea behin betiko onartu dute

The full Senate has finally approved the Democratic Memory Accountwhat the commitment of the Spanish state in the Search for Missing Persons from Civil War and Francoism and open the door to study possible human rights violations between 1978 and the end of 1983.

The law, promoted by the PSOE government and United We Can, has been approved with: 128 votes in favour, 113 against and 18 abstentionsafter a five-hour debate with cross-reproach between left and right.

The most critical were the PP, Vox, Ciudadanos and UPN, who individually submitted four vetoes (amendments to the whole) on the law, which were rejected in plenary.

The Adoption of the Democratic Memory Law it’s finalsince the text does not contain any changes compared to the text approved in the plenary session of the Congress of Deputies on 14 July, so that it does not have to return to the House of Representatives.

Project approved in July in Congress

The Democratic Memory bill was approved in Congress plenary on July 14, after the PSOE government and United We Can managed to garner enough support after reaching an agreement with groups like EH Bildu.

In total, the factions in the Senate presented 521 partial amendmentsalthough the PNV withdrew its single amendment, and two other amendments by different groups that agreed to request the abolition of the title of King of Spain were not admissible for processing.

The four vetoes or amendments to the whole PP, Vox, Burgers and UPN They have not come forward in the full Senate because they have not gathered enough support.

The session was followed from the guest gallery by representatives of memorial associations and relatives of reprisals from the Franco regime, who could thus be direct witnesses to the final adoption of a law that represents one of the legislature’s longest parliamentary proceedings.

Some keys to the law

The state’s commitment to the search for missing persons from the civil war and the Franco dictatorship and the study of possible human rights violations between 1978 and the end of 1983 are some of the keys to the new law, which repeals the Historical Memory law, approved in 2007 during the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

In addition, the Democratic Remembrance Act declares illegal both the Franco regime and the Franco courts, as well as the annulment of all their convictions, and broadens the definition of victims to include LGTBI people, children adopted without parental consent and Basque, Catalan and Galician languages ​​and culture, among others.

While it does not repeal the 1977 amnesty law, it also states that all Spanish laws will be interpreted and applied in accordance with international law, in particular international humanitarian law, “under which war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and torture considered inexplicable. and not subject to amnesty”.

On the other hand, it is considering the creation of a state inventory of places of democratic memory, including the Valley of the Fallen, which will be renamed Valle de Cuelgamuros and have a new legal framework, since the Foundation of the Sacred Cruz del Valle de los Caídos, on whom the monument temporarily managed by the National Heritage depends.

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Source: EITB

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