Sharing scooters, bicycles, motorbikes and cars: alternatives to LEZs


According to a study, 1 in 4 Spaniards confirm that the introduction of the low emission zones will directly affect them, yet 77% are in favor of this new regulation

As laid down in the
Climate Change and Energy Transition ActSince January 1, 2023, Spanish cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants are obliged to introduce a Low Emission Zone (ZBE). Although the regulations depend on each of their town halls, and many of them have not yet developed them, the reality is that sooner or later citizens will have to look for alternatives to reach city centers with means of transport that are more respectful of the environment.

The aim of this measure is to improve the air quality of cities and encourage the use of sustainable mobility vehicles, and according to the DGT,
You are only allowed to drive in these areas. to those zero-emission vehicles, ECO, which have a C or B label, although the latter can only drive, but cannot park.

Faced with this situation, Free Now has conducted a survey among the Spanish population to find out how this new regulation will affect them
and know if it will change the way you move around the cities. One of the main conclusions that can be drawn from the mobility platform’s analysis is that 7 out of 10 Spaniards confirm that they plan to use sustainable mobility solutions such as car sharing, electric motorcycles, scooters or electric bicycles to get around their city before the implantation of ZBE.

Of these sustainable mobility alternatives, public transport tops the list with 78% of Spaniards choosing it,
followed by carpooling with 19% and in third place with 17% those who confirm that they will use the bicycle and those who prefer to renew their personal vehicle for one that complies with the regulations.

About the knowledge of
this new regulation, 91% of those surveyed say they are aware of this and one in four Spaniards also confirm that the low emission zones will directly affect them. Similarly, 77% agree with the implementation of this new regulation and with the goal of making cities more liveable and environmentally friendly.

Mobility and accessibility problems are precisely the second biggest concern in large cities, after the safety of citizens, according to the ranking of municipal problems in the Barometer Traffic Safety and Mobility 2022.

Road safety ranks eighth of the inhabitants of large cities, behind the state of street cleaning and waste collection, on a scale of the 10 main municipal problems highlighted in a study conducted by Fesvial and Michelin.

The results of the barometer carried out for major cities show that, despite the fact that mobility is in a critical period of major changes, the car is still the usual vehicle used by citizens to get around. Six out of ten people living in large cities admit to using the car as their usual means of transportation.

According to the opinion of the citizens who participated in the Barometer,
the car is the means of transport that it is more often used to travel to hospital for emergencies (77.0%); traveling on weekends (76.3%); travel on vacation (73.0%); travel for work (67.8%); go shopping (56.2%) and visit friends or family (56.0%)

However, the surveyed sample indicates that they use the car less to go to work or to the study center (38.8%), to the city center (26.7%) or to have a drink (27.5%).

In this context, renting is gaining ground as one of the options for those who need to visit cities in their private vehicle and “retire” their current car.

According to Íñigo Breña, director of, renting is a lifesaver for many motorists. Some want to go to the
sustainable mobility but within your capabilities: being electrified but not electrocuted, i.e. being able to own an electric or hybrid car and feel they made the best decision for them at the time. Being a rental company, the driver will be calmer knowing that he will be able to renew it in the future for a vehicle updated to the latest, with the benefits and comfort of all inclusive and without feeling that he is going to waste money on an obsolete car ».

Alternatives to cars, such as scooters, bicycles, motorcycles or ‘microcars’ have many advantages over these cars, but in most cases they also have to follow the same traffic rules, some specific rules and obligations only for this type of driver.

So if our choice is
the one with the electric scooter, this personal mobility vehicle (VMP) is not allowed to drive on sidewalks and city tunnels. The driver – only one person can travel – must wear a helmet and could be fined if they test positive for alcohol or drugs. You cannot use headphones, mobile phone or other device while driving.

electric bike it must meet the same standards as electric scooters, and more. In the city it is recommended that they ride on the cycle paths and it is mandatory to respect signs, traffic lights and pedestrian crossings – up to a fine of 500 euros – and for the latter you are not allowed to cross without getting out first. They must also have lights at night, front and back.

drivers of
electric motorcycle or moped They have many advantages such as a lower kilometer price, free parking or the possibility of free movement in central areas; but the rules of the road to follow are the same as in the case of cars. In addition, they must always bring an approved safety helmet. Failing to do this or wearing it incorrectly – even with the mobile phone attached – will cost you 4 points on your driver’s license.

And to circulate with a “microcar”,
Light four wheeler with 4 wheels, which does not exceed 45 km/h, all traffic rules must be followed as with any vehicle. With the moped license it is sufficient to drive it, but never on motorways or two-lane roads.

Source: La Verdad


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