Gernika chooses to be proclaimed place of democratic memory together with fortress San Cristóbal or La Cumbre

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The state law of Democratic Memory considers the creation of an inventory of areas of special interest related to “repression and violence”, which will include the fortress of Mount San Cristóbal (Pamplona) or the palace of the top of San Sebastian.

The Biscayan City Guernica-Lumointernational symbol of the mass murder of the civilian population, will most likely be included in the state inventory of places of democratic memory provided for in the law passed by Congress last month with the votes of PNV and EH Bildu, among others, and will to come into effect in September.

The municipality that was bombed haphazardly in 1937 thus joins the San Cristobal Fortress from Pamplonaconverted into a prison for republican prisoners during the Franco regime, and San Sebastian Summit Palacewhere Lasa and Zabala were tortured, already summoned by law thanks to the agreement between EH Bildu and the Spanish government.

The Law on Democratic Memory proposes, among many other measures, the creation of an inventory of areas of particular importance related to “repression and violence” against civilians with an “informative, commemorative and didactic” purpose. In addition to those mentioned, this catalog already includes the Valley of the Fallen, which will be renamed Valle de Cuelgamuros, or Documentary Center of the Historical Memory of Salamanca.

The rule states that the places of democratic memory will be those spaces, buildings, places or intangible cultural heritage where events of particular importance related to the “repression and violence” against the population, as a result of the resistance to the July 1936 coup d’état, civil war, Franco’s dictatorship, exile, with a view to “the struggle for the restoration and deepening of democratic values”.

The power to declare them rests with the Secretary of State for Democratic Remembrance on the initiative of the Directorate-General in connection with this matter or on the proposal of other entities. Relatives of the victims, associations of remembrance and autonomous communities can suggest places to include in this list.

In a statement to the EFE, the president of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH), Emilio Silva, estimates that there should be many more places with democratic memory and recalls that several autonomous communities, including Navarra, have passed laws of memory where they are recognized as such. The regional government was a “pioneer” in 2013 in adopting a regulation of these characteristics.

13 places of historical memory in Navarra

Since 2019, Navarra has 13 legally protected sites, including the Parque de la Memoria de Sartagudathe top of Otsoportillothe pit of Olabéthe memorial of the road from Igal to Vidángozthe memorial of the Wells of forgiveness or the sculpture in memory of the oppression of women in peralta.

Euskadic it has its own historical law of memory that is still in progress. The bill also provides that places, routes and spaces can be declared of particular importance, although the establishment of a catalog and its protection and conservation regime refers to a later development of the regulation.

The town of Gernika-Lumo, bombed 85 years ago by the German Condor Legion and the Italian Legionary Aviation, should not be missing from the list. 1,645 people died and 889 were injured, and 70% of the buildings in the municipality were destroyed.

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Source: EITB

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